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What is the procedure of Heart Transplant

Heart being the most important organ in the human body works tireless twenty four hours to pump blood to all the parts of the body so that all the parts of the body can function properly without any failure. Hence taking proper care of the heart becomes a necessity considering the fact that heart diseases have become very common these days and can affect people of all age groups from very young children to aged people. It has been seen that people suffering from diabetes have a higher risk of developing heart diseases. Heart diseases can be of various types and can be cured if treated on time. Sometimes the disease may be treated using medicines however in some cases like end stage heart failure a heart transplant may be needed. Heart transplant is a surgical procedure where in the damaged or diseased heart of the patient is replaced by a healthy heart from a dead person. Human organs transplant in India is gaining immense popularity especially with the advent of the procedure of heart transplant which is one of the greatest achievements in medical history.
 
 
A heart transplant is usually recommended to a patient in case of severe coronary heart diseases, end stage heart failures or when other surgical procedures have failed. The major signs of coronary heart disease include shortness of breath especially while exercising, chest pains and blurring of vision. At times the patients have been seen complaining of dizziness and cold sweating. The patients should immediately consult a doctor on noticing any of the symptoms. Top organ transplant hospitals in India recommend considering a number of factors before opting for heart transplant. The health of both the recipient as well as the donor is extremely important. The transplant can only be carried out if the blood group of the donor and the recipient match. The donor should not be suffering from any diseases like cancer, diabetes or any other disease. Heart transplant is a complex procedure and involves three steps. First step includes harvesting of the heart from the donor and in the second step the damaged heart of the recipient is removed. This may be difficult or easy depending upon the health condition of the recipient.
 
The third and the final step include implanting the healthy heart in the body of the recipient. Organ transplant hospitals in India cater to a lot of patients even from foreign countries owning to the experienced doctors specializing in the field and advanced technology. Other factors contributing to the popularity of heart transplant i n India is the lower cost compared to other countries of the world. Organ transplant surgery cost in India is around ten to thirty lakh. The major advantages of a heart transplant is that it provides a chance of new life for those suffering from end stage heart failures and the survival rate also gets increased. Since a new and healthier heart is transplanted so the functioning of the heart gets improved and the recipient may be able to live a healthier life.
 

After heart transplant the person is able to perform all the day to day activities easily. However it may certain disadvantages such as the body may not accept the heart of the donor and this may result in infections due to rejection of the donated organ. At time there might be severe complications due to surgery especially for those who are suffering from diabetes. If proper precaution and care is not taken post-transplant, the patient may even face the risk of heart failure once again. Hence consultation with a doctor becomes compulsory before deciding whether to opt for a heart transplant or not.

Tags: Heart, organs transplants