What are the possible complications if BMT is done through unrelated donor
Bone marrow transplant is the procedure of transplanting healthy bone marrow from a Donor the body of a patient who's bone marrow has been completely damaged by a critical disease like bone cancer. The procedure is carried out by transplanting blood stem cells that travel to the affected area and help in the growth of new blood cells. If you are looking for the best bone marrow transplant doctor in Delhi, your search will end at BLK hospital which is the best bone marrow transplant hospital in India. The hospital has a staff of some of the most efficient doctors and surgeons who are known to provide best bone infection treatment in Delhi India
Bone marrow transplant has helped to save the life of millions of patients suffering from severe bone marrow problems. The most common of these problems is bone marrow cancer which completely damages the bone marrow of the affected bone and slowly spreads to the whole body via metastasis. Bone cancer can affect people of any age group and can be both genetic or acquired. If the problem is not detected and treated on time it can prove to be very dangerous and can also lead to amputation of the affected limb. A recent study by the leading Bone marrow transplant doctor in India clearly shows that even infants and small children are affected by the problem. Latest technological advancement in the field of Medical Sciences have given a new impetus to the treatment for bone marrow in India and other countries of the world.
Bone marrow transplant can also be used in case of problems like acute Leukemia, adrenoleukodystrophy, aplastic anemia, bone marrow failure syndromes, chronic Leukemia, hemoglobinopathies, hodgkin's lymphoma, Immune deficiencies, congenital metabolic defects, multiple myeloma, myelodysplastic syndromes etc.
The transplanted bone marrow is usually taken from a close family member or any random person who fills all the eligibility criteria. However it is preferable to take the bone marrow from the former. Siblings and parents can prove to be the best donors. All the bone marrow transplant from a person who is not related to the patient by blood is possible and has been successful in various instances but it can lead to a lot of complications and even death of the patient at times. One of the most serious problems that may be caused by taking bone marrow from and unrelated donor is graft-versus-host disease (GvHD). The problem occurs when the healthy stem cells all the donor think that the patients cells are foreign bodies and start attacking them. Around 30 to 70 percent of people who get their transplant from an unrelated donor suffer from the problem. Apart from GvHD, the patient may develop rashes, may experience severe itching, nausea, cramps, indigestion, liver problems etc. It can also severely damage the patient's mouth, lungs and other organs as well. Hence it is better to choose a donor who is related to the patient by blood and conduct all the necessary screenings and test to make sure whether a person is eligible to be a donor or not.