Haplo Identical Stem Cell Transplant
In order to increase the pool of potential donors, a modified version of stem cell transplant called haploidentical stem cell transplant was developed. In this method, any first-degree relative including a parent, sibling or child can be a donor. However, donors for a haploidentical transplant need not be a near total HLA match. They can be only a 50 percent match to the recipient. Also, haploidentical transplants can be performed quickly as relatives are able to donate on a short notice, as compared to traditional unrelated donor transplants which may take more time.
When does the transplant take place?
The transplant normally takes place the day after,once the conditioning therapy is complete. The stem cells are passed as a small bag of liquid through a tube into the bloodstream. It is a pain-free process.
What does a haploidentical transplant involve?
A haploidentical transplant involves different types of conditioning therapy and extra chemotherapy after the transplant is complete. Extra infusions of WBCs (white blood cells) called lymphocytes is also done before or after the transplant.
How much is the recovery time?
The patient is required to be in hospital for about 3 to 4 weeks after the transplant in an isolated location with doors closed.